Car Part Recycling and the Environment

Educational

Aug 23rd, 2019

Car Part Recycling and the Environment

Car part recycling is now performed systematically in almost all countries. Vehicles that get damaged are recycled under conditions of total loss. Another thing that prompts recycling is when a car's traffic condition is no longer safe or does not pass mandatory vehicle inspection routines. 

Each region has different criteria and laws for end-of-life vehicle (ELV) characterisation. In all countries, it is possible to detect the necessary regulations to make the car part recycling process viable. 

So, if you have an old car, there are still many things that can be reused. But to better understand this, you need to know how the recycling process is done, what the benefits are, how to ensure they have a good source and more. Keep reading our article and stay on top of things.

Which Car Can Parts Be Recycled?

Batteries

Car batteries contain a high amount of heavy metals, including lead, which can be toxic since it can cause neurological problems. Recycling your batteries is a good idea, and this type of procedure is straightforward. Although you must remember that such toxic products are dangerous to handle themselves, so the idea is to leave it in the hands of experts. 

Windshield and Windows

The glass of cars can be reused in a variety of handy objects, which includes drinking glasses, kitchen implements, and even some type of jewellery. If you do not recycle the glass, it can contaminate the soil, and it also takes a long time to biodegrade. For this, it is a good idea to take your car to the workstation to remove the glasses correctly.

Tyres

Old car tyres can create considerable environmental damage since they are generally not biodegradable and take a lot of space on the grounds. A recycling centre can convert that rubber and other materials into toys and other products.

Padding and Fabrics 

A car also contains seats and mats, elements that are mainly composed of elastomers, resins or cellulosic materials. They are recycled after the crushing process of the carcass.

Light Bulbs

Light bulbs in a car can be saved for demolition to be collected and recovered. Recycling these components means obtaining environmental, health, and economic advantages linked to the safety of dangerous substances. The glasses of these components are washed and shredded. They can find new applications, both in construction (glass wool, insulation) and in the vitrification of tile surfaces.

Plastics

The plastic components present in a car are many: from the dashboard to the door trims, to the bumper to the windshield wipers. A vehicle at the end of life has a lot of plastic to dispose of. Instead of becoming a waste to be destined for the landfill, the plastic contained in a vehicle can be recovered. Some car components (such as the bumper for example) can be retrieved before demolition and sent for recycling.

Metals

Like glass, the metal components in a car can also be recovered and given a second life, especially those in steel and aluminium can be recycled indefinitely without losing their qualities. Also, in this case, some components (such as rims, for example) are removed from the car and sent for recycling.

Cables

The metal is separated from the plastic. Both products are recyclable and convertible into new cables and current conductors for new vehicles.

Recycle a Car in Parts, Depending On the Materials

Metal is the best recyclable material in a vehicle because you can easily find a new life for it in various industrial applications, such as in the manufacture of household appliances. Approximately 78% of a vehicle's weight is metal, mostly steel.

But there are still materials such as plastics, textiles or foams that cannot be given a new life due to the involvement of other harmful constraints. We are talking about thousands of tons every year. Fortunately, they have many other uses to help reduce their impact to the environment.

It starts with liquids

Recycling begins with the removal of all fluids and any element that is likely to become harmful. It ends with the fragmentation of the metal parts once pressed, to facilitate reuse in the best possible way.

The residues to which more attention should be paid are logically hazardous. Among these, we can highlight batteries, fuel, oil filters, gases that may remain from the air conditioner and toxic liquids in general.

Are All Parts Of The Car Recycled? 

Tyres, batteries, suspension lubricating oils, and brakes are just a few examples of products that cannot be recycled to become eco-parts. They need to go through the right process so that they do not cause environmental problems.

Tyres, for example, may undergo a grinding process that results in a powder used in the manufacture of products such as carpets, slippers, and asphalt.

Recycling is a fundamental process for the environment; each person can put a grain of sand to avoid contamination. The abandoned car that you have at home has many parts that can be reused and thus also prevents the environment from becoming contaminated. Remember that it is vital that you put this dismantling of an old car in the hands of a professional who does it correctly.

How Car Parts Recycling Helps The Environment?

In addition to the obvious economic benefits of car part recycling, they also interfere directly with the environment. These recycled parts are estimated to amount to less than 3,700 kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Not to mention that during the disassembly process of the car, fluids, and materials that cannot be used will receive an environmentally correct destination. This directly impacts the risk of soil and water contamination.

Car recycling also influences points that people don't even realize, such as abandonment. Abandoned vehicles pose severe risks to public health due to the possible proliferation of diseases, such as direct outbreaks of the dengue mosquito and other species.

How Can Electric Cars Help The Environment?

The automobile industry is aware of its footprint in the environment. In recent years, both management and brands have done their part to contribute to a more sustainable future. We want to achieve mobility that emits the minimum possible emissions by promoting the manufacture and use of electric vehicles. Several reasons benefit the environment and people's health.

  • Another decisive factor is its recycling. The batteries that run electric cars, and also hybrids are made of lithium ions, weigh less and have greater autonomy, and can be recycled.
  • The experience of driving an electric also makes a difference. From the cabin, we hardly perceive any mechanical sound. Besides, if something enhances its qualities are its smooth driving, instant acceleration, and the fact that it has no gears.
  • The absence of traditional mechanical components such as clutch, filters, and timing belts allows for a reduction in breakdowns, and, therefore, savings in the form of maintenance costs.
  • In recent months, cities have stood firm to reduce emissions. In high pollution episodes, electric cars can circulate without restrictions. The environmental hallmark of these vehicles is the zero-emission blue 0 labels. This category includes electric cars with battery, extended autonomy, and fuel cell; plug-in hybrids and hydrogen combustion vehicles.
  • Also, electric cars are powered by an electric motor and carry rechargeable batteries; so the fact of using electrical energy to move the vehicle prevents carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. In this way, also, we contribute to avoiding both air pollution and noise pollution. 

Therefore, electric cars cooperate with our environment much more than any vehicle with diesel engines or with gasoline engines. Of course, one point that we should not forget is the recharge of batteries that must be done in an environmental-friendly way with sources of renewable energy. Everything influences the preservation of the environment.